Different Types of Irrigation Systems

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August 18, 2016

Different Types of Irrigation


The best commercial irrigation and turf management in Northern Virginia is the process which is used to apply water to a crop. Commercial irrigation may be necessary and several reasons are given for this. A lack of adequate rainfall in a particular area is the most common reason for the application of commercial irrigation. A few other reasons for commercial irrigation are to stop the weeds from growing, maintaining soil integrity and the prevention of crops from freezing during the colder seasons.

There are several different methods of commercial irrigation Northern Virginia. Surface irrigation, sprinkler irrigation, drip irrigation and central pivot irrigation are all methods used in crop irrigation. It is the required intensity of the irrigation, existing equipment and the layout of the property that is responsible for the type of commercial irrigation Northern Virginia used. All forms of irrigation have drawbacks as well as benefits.

Central pivot irrigation is made up of a series of pipes that have been joined together. These pipes include a series of trusses for support and they travel in a circle. The length of the pipe has sprinklers along it that waters the crops and the trusses are mounted on wheels. Water runs through the center of this irrigation system.

Many different types of irrigation are used across the world for crop irrigation. The type of irrigation used depends on the soil and terrain. Making sure the field receives the right amount of water needed for maximum crop yield is the basic goal of irrigation. Other common forms of crop irrigation are traveling guns, rotation, furrow and surface flooding.

Water is carried through the soil to the roots in drip irrigation. Since no water is lost to runoff or evaporation in drip irrigation, water is used efficiently with very little waste. Because drip irrigation requires low water pressure it is ideal in many situations.

Sprinkler irrigation is when the ground or crop is watered from overhead. Small farms, cemeteries, parks and watering baseball fields are all commercial irrigation that make use of sprinkler irrigation applications. These work with water moving through a high pressure sprinkler system to a central location. T sprinklers can irrigate while unattended as they are on moving platforms.

The oldest form of commercial irrigation is surface irrigation. With the assistance of border strips or furrows, water is often transported across the surface of the soil. The soil is irrigated when water floods the field. This method of irrigation is not very efficient and it is low tech.

Different forms of commercial irrigation may be simple or labor intensive to install, elaborate and expensive, low tech or high tech. The water requirements of the area, the equipment maintenance and the amount of time available for irrigation and the amount of available water in the area dictate the best irrigation choice for any given situation.

The underground irrigation system is the most popular system for landscape irrigation. It is the best and most expensive system type for flower gardens, lawn systems and both big and small vegetable gardens, because of its use of automatic timers and pop-up sprinkler heads.

Drip sprinkler systems and drip irrigation are used for landscape irrigation, greenhouse watering, garden irrigation and lawn irrigation, to help with water conservation. After a climate study, soil and water analysis and careful land survey, these irrigation systems are designed and installed to fit very specific requirements.

It is important to consider all local regulations carefully regardless of the type of irrigation system used. A hose attached to a tool to distribute water is the most common type of home irrigation system.You should ask about the condition your yard will be left in after the home irrigation system has been installed. All reputable companies will discuss post-installation plans with the homeowner.

Micro irrigation makes use of existing water resources in ways that are more efficient as this is more sensible and what micro irrigation does best. Micro irrigation was developed in the 1970s in Australia, USA and Israel and is also known as drip irrigation. Trickle irrigation, also known as drip irrigation is often highly recommended in areas where there may be water shortages during certain times of the year or regions with limited or scarce water resources.

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